Asthma, a lung disease, has become so common that sometimes we forget just how scary and dangerous it can be for those who suffer from it. Asthma can affect children and adults, and unfortunately there is no cure. To be better prepared, here are a few facts about asthma.
How Many Types of Asthma Exist?
Surprisingly, there is not just one type of asthma. In fact, different types of asthma include:
- Exercise-induced asthma (caused by exercising or exertion)
- Allergic asthma (triggers include pet dander, pollen, dust mites, and mildew)
- Adult-onset asthma (no symptoms until adult age)
What are the Symptoms of Asthma?
Certain pollutants can cause an asthma attack whether you are allergic to it or not. Be aware of symptoms such as:
- Shortness of breath
- Difficulty breathing
- Color change in lips and face
- Anxiety from difficulty breathing
- Tightness of the chest
What Causes Asthma?
Like some other diseases, genes and the environment play a role in who becomes asthmatic. Allergies and asthma do not necessarily go hand-in-hand. People can have one and not the other. We know that genetic, environmental, and occupational factors have been linked to developing asthma. However, we don’t know all the factors that cause asthma.
What is the Prognosis for Asthmatics?
Asthma can be managed and controlled with the right medications; however, in severe cases, asthma can lead to death. Since there is no cure for asthma, and no one specific thing that causes it, it is important for people with asthma to be aware of their triggers, have inhalers readily available, and have someone they trust know what to look for and when to act.